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Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


Foothill Communities - North グ ) , 0 ″ 尾 4 / な , wa 〃 / / 0 ん 〃 OW 〃 co 〃 / / 0 , , ) , 04 ん の ℃ / 0 v な ″ ″ 's seat Q / 、 20W 夜 ・ ー わ ″ co / た ル 00 ホ / 施 ... the 召 ビ v 夜 カ , 〃 ″ な ん g ん c ん " David A. K 叩 lan ( 1999 ) The 〃 co 〃 召 の , s の 励 e か 〃 可 の 尾 al OC ated on roll ing oak-studded hills on the western slope of the Santa Cruz Mountains, together with Port01a Woodside, Valley and Los Altos Hills, is prime residential real estate for the well- heeled 0f Silicon Valley. Each community has unique characteristics that are zealously guarded by its residents. W00dside, which hides most of its wealth behind dense screens Of oak and redwood trees, IS noted for its emphasis on horse property and has an extensive system Of equestrian trails. Portola Valley encourages building styles in harmony with the CO lors and c ontours of the landsc 叩 e. Los Altos Hills tolerate s more overt archite ctural displays 0f wealth and success. AII three towns en. 」 oy strong citizen participation ⅲ 10Ca1 government. ABOVE: 〃 れ 加 催 0 Serra 〃 ig ん ル 28 ″ . "The の ′ 旧 す 召 ea ″ / 第 〃 ん ・ w の , ' ア 初 〃 & 44 ル の な ん Ⅲ ⅲ 〃 / 〃 乃 ℃ ハ ℃ な 0 〃 the s 〃 〃 e. BELOW RIGHT: ル 00 ム . 行 住 d ″ / 0 〃 / ・ ge ん 0 〃 肥 0 ル PO 0 火 d.. BELOW: お ″ 0 〃 E 、 セ . The & m 〃 G の ・ 〃 〃 d clock / ow 既 24

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


South Valley RIGHT: 4 ga 〃 ″ 襯 尹 0 川 , 4 れ ハ 0 〃 の 4 川 窺 Toro co ⅲ ca / pe 召 ん r な い わ 勗 ⅲ イ 0 尾 カ am ・ ホ 〃 d ビ 〃 C ド 04C ん / 〃 BELOW: G ″ ′ の , 0 To ル 〃 ″ 4 ″ . ( 7900 ) ル ow an 0 ″ の 0 訂 可 、 Ga ⅵ ん 〃 Co 〃 m Ⅲ 〃 / Co / た g 巳 "The / 4 研 e C00 訂 火 4 〃 ge 、 / わ 0 〃 な w 夜 ℃ 加 near view ″ ビ way / 0 G 清 ・ 0 ... w 夜 ℃ robed w ″ ん the g 尾 夜 肥 訂 g ′ 4 〃 イ ′ ・ / 勧 / light / Ⅵ 功 eld, 印 co / 0 尾 イ and 4 施 d w ″ ん 〃 行 〃 / 0 ツ ア ow ビ ハ 可 、 の ℃ 戮 outh 0f the Santa Teresa Hills S anta C lara VaIl ey narrows into Coyote Valley. Orchards, row crops, and grazmg cattle on the hillsides deliver a glimpse of a bucolic pre-WorId War Ⅱ SiIicon VaIIey. But not for long. Developers' S1gns line Santa Teresa Blvd awaiting the next technology boom to spark the inevitable f100d 0f industrial parks and Many Silicon VaIley workers in the bedroom communities that have sprouted on the RIGHT: の 襯 0 〃 、 一 ′ 4 ″ 0 〃 ga ′ 〃 s. GO / ホ 〃 ⅲ ん 立 e ホ , 2280 〃 ec た 夜 ・ BELOW: C 0 レ ' 4 ″ ,. 加 パ な / sites 0W0 ″ / ん ビ next c ん 10 / 0 , わ 00 襯 0 〃 g 立 〃 花 尾 、 召 ん d. 一 ( 0 ( 0 0 0. coyote Valley RIGHT: Calero Co 〃 〃 り , 、 Pa . カ 挈 ⅲ e 〃 肥 dows / McKean 、 R イ わ 0 ra ″ . 22

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


San Jose - Downtown " T ん ビ ア / session oj 、 the カ eg な / 襯 ″ 尾 記 / 第 the わ / 0 施 立 〃 面 , ・ w ん 勧 が ac ビ 記 / わ ビ the 夜 初 肥 厩 seat Q / 、 gov の 刀 〃 肥 〃 / , 〃 〃 〃 / 尾 襯 0 怩 イ の , w. Constitution Of the State of California ( 1849 ) stablished in 1777 , 日 PuebIo de San José de Guadalupe, the first civilian settlement in Spanish California was also the first c 叩 ital 0f the U. S. state. The Legislature convened at the present day PIaza de Cesar Chavez near the Fairmont Hotel in 1850 but was ABOVE: の 0 ル 〃 加 ル 〃 removed by law" tO Benicia after S 〃 面 . The s 〃 〃 e heavy flooding. T0day, San Jose is the 第 ・ 0 襯 D な 0 の , e り , third largest city in California, the . Meadow. 1 lth largest in the nation, and the self- RIGHT: Sa 〃 OS C 加 た styled Capital of Silicon Valley. Although larger and more popu10LIS, 川 ″ 立 0 〃 お McEnery San Jose has long st00d in the shadow CO 川 ℃ 〃 / わ れ C ビ 〃 / e に Of San FrancIsco, its sophisticated BELOW LEFT: "Silicon neighbor t0 the north. Over the last 20 years the city has invested wealth 立 〃 . / 0 襯 e was ビ generated by Silicon Valley in a masslve redevelopment effort tO 可 、 ん g ん 夜 マ d ″ c 襯 / 0 〃 0 〃 attract busine S S and Vi S itors tO itS / ル 2 Co /. 卩 85 り downtown core. These pro. 」 ects have BELOW RIGHT : le few early structures standing. TWO C ん ″ 市 れ 's の な CO of the oldest, Spanish Peralta Ad0be 4 第 〃 〃 川 . 0 〃 ル の z and VictorIan Fallon House, are 膸 必 na 川 記 ド preserved ⅲ a small p ark surrounde d , 切 2 た 's & の ℃ 0 コ 7 た を 第 ド を 第 第 ・ 837 18

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


as Fairchild such compames Semiconductor and lntel sat in the midst of producing orchards. Many revolutionary technical breakthroughs that changed the world 0f electronics emerged om these bland, 0ften windowless factories. Access tO the skill s of the chip makers enc ouraged customers tO 10C ate nearby, including ABOVE: お か 2 0 42 を ん CO ″ 甲 催 . computer manufacturers Apple and & の , 面 房 イ ル 0 砌 ん わ ⅲ ″ the 〃 〃 / e ノ Sun Microsystems. They were 00 〃 夜 ・ ⅲ the bedroom 可 ・ な ″ ・ 4 浦 〃 0 〃 0 / followed in the 1980S by networking 川 〃 0 ん ん 0 〃 2066 0 / Dr, カ 0 4 ″ 0 & companies and in the 1990S by As the 00 〃 Ⅳ grew ビ 挈 施 イ 加 / 0 lnternet suppliers. Computer systems the garage. e/o 図 〃 〃 / ビ ん eadq ″ セ containing their chips are on display / Od の , 0 〃 カ 〃 ″ e カ 00 , C ~ 夜 プ ⅲ 0. in Mountain View's Computer History Museum (see page 30 ). The huge NASA Ames R&D facility on Moffett Field is working with 10Ca1 authorities tO develop a new research park on the former naval airfield. These communities are struggling along with the rest 0f Silicon Valley t0 manage the results Of their rapid growth and its pressures on housing, に 一 ABOVE: 犬 'g に ル 加 に り ,. transportation, SOCial servlces, and the - Mo 加 ビ わ el / 0 Ridge, li . High-density quality 0f 2 , j00 4 わ 0 townhouses and apartments are being built close tO mass transit. Public so 〃 肥 可 e ん recreation land has been created by ag c ″ / / Ⅲ ・ 4 / ac 〃 ⅵ り , reclaimmg the dump at Shoreline / 〃 the 4 ′ ℃ 4. Park and by acqumng open space preserves on the western hills. み 40 ABOVE: F, ″ 〃 ′ C 〃 セ ′ . The 0 〃 補 / 0 ′ ⅲ 襯 可 、 De , 4 〃 za 面 ⅲ の ・ Co 〃 ege, C ″ 夜 ⅵ 〃 0 , ん OS な c ″ ″ ″ ra / の ℃ 〃 な as well 図 〃 〃 た co 挈 ora セ 々 ′ ℃ se 〃 / 4 〃 0 〃 S. TOP LEFT: ん 0 、 ″ 0 、 . 乃 ビ ⅵ / g ビ Ma / 〃 & preserves the / 0 ル 〃 川 e ノ 93 広 訂 0 尾 第 ・ 0 〃 な . 第 」 ヨ ー 第 1 15

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


FoothiII Communities - South ; 田 川 0- ー こ コ 川 Ⅲ Ⅲ 川 - ー ー ・ 川 Ⅲ 、 川 - 川 第 物 , ABOVE: 〃 4 vineyard s ⅲ the S anta Cruz Mountai n s Mo 〃 ん 0. , 4 ド な and are noted for their intensely- concentrated premium Wine grapes. Sequentially an Ohlone village, a lumber camp, a mineral springs resort, and an agricultural center, tOday ' s tony residential Saratoga was named after New York's Saratoga Springs. Four blocks of rustic shops and restaurants lining Big Basin 第 y evoke the resort village Of it's Victorian heyday. lnspired by J 叩 an's Fuji-Hakone National Park, city- owned Hakone Gardens dates 什 om 1918 and includes Zen and tea gardens , k0i ponds, lanterns, sculptured trees, and symbolic stones. / ca 〃 / 00 た 0 〃 / ビ window the ↓ Ⅵ / / 0 , / ow. John Steinbeck ( 1939 ) カ / 夜 ・ / 0 4S04 / Covici Obel Prize-winning 、 John Steinbeck moved 仕 om the Monterey Peninsula, first tO M onte S ereno and later tO the S anta Cruz Mountains south Of LOS GatOS, in 1936 seeking seclusion to write his Amencan literary masterpieces 0 / 、 Mice 醂 売 〃 and The Grapes 可 、 テ 襯 ん AIthough the area is still beautiful, residential development has substantially eroded the isolation en. 」 oyed by Steinbeck. Villa Montalvo, the 1912 mansion and 175-acre Saratoga estate of San Franc1sco Mayor and U. S. Senator Jame s Phelan, i s the southern counterpart tO FilOli in showing today's public how the rich lived on ABOVE: 、 の 佐 4 ん ta 〃 these lands a century ago. A non-profit 0 〃 た 愿 / ん ビ ド Co 〃 〃 り , organization operates the estate as a P 醂 ・ ん Ⅲ 〃 肥 c ん 襯 〃 0 ,. center for art, music, and literature. 嶬 宝 h views across Silicon Valley, BELOW: Sa ′ 4 ー 0g4. 〃 炻 〃 e GCII 〃 、 ゞ 15- the former Paul Masson Mountain ac 尾 / 7 ″ な / de 尾 な ea れ Winery, rebuilt after 1906 , also hosts The / ん ge. Big 召 ⅲ concerts in an historic setting on ル ) , sidewalk 訂 or . Pierce Road above Saratoga. M0dern 1 26

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


co-founder 0f industry giant lntel, that the number Of transistors on a chip was doubling every 18 months ruled unchallenged. The mamage 0f silicon chips with software code in the 1980S led to the personal computer and t0 the information, communicatlons, and entertainment technologies that have revolutionized business and SOCiety. Silicon Valley's ability to create j0bs through technology is recognized and envied worldwide. But the rapid growth and extraordinary wealth generated by this success has its dark side. Housing shortages, traffic conge stion, enuronmental p 0 llution , loss 0f farmland and open space, and the family and social strains caused by Demand for these computer chips an industry that is rocked by volatile grew r 叩 idly, and new compames and the factori es tO make and us e the m business cycles make the region less changed the face 0f the valley. By than paradise. ln spite 0f these drawbacks, hopeful entrepreneurs 1971 , when a trade newsp 叩 er dubbed the string 0f suburban towns 行 om Pa10 行 om around the world arrive daily t0 Alto to Santa Clara "Silicon Valley add their own contributions tO what USA ' the microelectronics era was "the BosweII 0f SiIicon Valley, well underway. For the next 30 years , 」 ournalist Michael Malone, hails as Gordon Moore's the one 0f the greatest technological and 0b servation by Noyce ' s partner and social transfommtions in history. ABOVE: S 〃 0 〃 C / e 〃 / 04 ん g お 4 ビ ん 襯 〃 g 、 リ Ⅷ ん / た e the / ん ℃ e 夜 ・ as of ・ BELOW: レ 7 、 れ ル 7 〃 襯 King 、 g 〃 / ノ 987 sc ″ の ル C ん ・ / e 0 〃 & ノ 0 叫 ″ ⅲ , イ 0 〃 〃 ⅲ 「 た w. RIGHT: 〃 co 〃 レ ' 4 ″ , . 〃 0 川 4 石 ” ル P ん Ov げ / 00 石 〃 g イ / ゆ ″ andSan 面 , 0 ″ 0 e 〃 ″ 豆 as な e 翫 観 ビ 第 初 〃 ビ crowded Ⅷ / / り , ア 00 0 〃 ビ イ な 豆 0 〃 Peak 、 c 行 0 〃 ビ 召 , 4 尾 4 Ridge 行 /. 9

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


、 0 れ n 。 6 ② ( 6 血 ⅲ ② 5 Behind 島 ! 0 Ⅲ 気 20 を 朝 ン に Baylands - pg 28 Mountain View Los Altos Cupertino - pg 14 Milpitas Sunnyvale S , 0 ね CIara - pg 16 ' 当 名 し す を ; : San Jose - pg 18 South Foothill Communities - pg 26 第 、 yindy イ を 0 ー / の 第 ・ 二 South Valley - pg 22 , ツ . 。 第 し ・ 弓 ク グ 、

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


3. を 姿 ー RIGHT: お / ん , 4 ″ 0. members. Stanford archives preserve records and p 叩 ers of 10Ca1 technology 〃 4 〃 ん e ′ ℃ d ) 材 00d lnnovators, including mouse developer の , 群 ・ / 00 な the ra 〃 川 ad. Douglas Englebart and transistor moneer William Shockley, and BELOW: 4 第 〃 ra /. Greg companies such as Apple Computer and Fairchild Semiconductor. PaIo Alto takes its name 什 om 日 PaIo Alto, a redwood tree on the border of San Mateo and Santa CIara Counties recorded by explorer Gaspar de PortoIa ⅲ 1796. ProfessorviIIe, an area that originally housed Stanford teachers, IS now a prestigious neighborhood with mature trees shading some of Silicon Valley' s most valuable real estate. ln the 1930S , local architect Birge Clark added over 100 buildings in the white stucco and red tile Mission Revival style CENTER RIGHT: ん 〃 C that is now associated with the town. & 催 れ C 〃 セ ′ . 召 か g ビ Developer Joseph Eichler built his C / の ・ た 's 0 / 0 / / 0 own legacy 0f 1950S modernist middle CO 〃 〃 〃 Ⅲ 行 り , ea / 夜 ・ class residences on Greenmeadow St. ⅵ g 〃 . 卩 933 丿 Proximity tO the campus and strong BOTTOM RIGHT: c ommunity supp ort 0 f the arts make S ル S ん 叩 が 〃 g P alO AltO an entertainment and C 〃 セ れ ル 7 ⅲ 〃 豆 ca / cultural c enter for S ⅲ con Valley. Frog FO ″ 〃 ⅲ amid Stanford Shopping Center, one of the ん g 蜃 / 0 〃 豆 0 尾 & country s most profitable retail BELOW: S 〃 developments, and Stanford Research 犬 に ′ ん 臾 4 / 0 park, a moneer 111 corporate/academic / / 0 火 e の ℃ ん Ce 〃 / 夜 ・ C 0 0 p e r a t i 0 n h a v e b 0 t h 火 0 の , 夜 ・ / 00 been emulated across the nation. 13

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


ABOVE: T ル 00 イ ⅵ & 0 尾 4 〃 〃 . 卩 85 の & oc た e イ w ″ ん 〃 夜 ・ わ d 〃 肥 尾 ん 4 〃 d な e , 行 の 月 犬 4 ル 00 ホ / 施 . LEFT: [ ア ag raising 7849. 励 0 川 F 記 / 0 〃 訂 ″ e E. 面 / 〃 & &. 面 川 い Sa 〃 ノ 0 . TOP LEFT: Sa 〃 0 、 ' S 0 に み 〃 ″ 市 〃 g. 君 夜 Ⅵ / わ e 卩 79 な ノ 75 &. 面 ん 7 & 尾 1847 "Battle of the Mustard Stalks ” in Santa Clara. The area's Spanish- Mexican heritage iS most evident in the basic north-south road pattern, including EI Camino Real (The King's H ighway) and the names of numerous landscape features and communities. Pro sp ectors 仕 om around the world poured int0 California after the 1848 gold discovery. Santa Clara Valley played an important role in supplying the miners with 応 Od and with mercury om cinnabar mines at New Almaden, used t0 dissolve gold om its ore. After the GoId Rush many prospectors di scovered a more lasting treasure 111 the valley's fertile soil, temperate climate, and abundant artesian water. ABOVE: お 4 ″ 4 ハ ′ イ S 加 、 . S 9 〃 た 夜 7 / 夜 7 ⅲ 記 の 糞 an イ 窺 Ca 〃 ⅲ 70 犬 ea / , Santa Clara. LEFT: 4 な S れ Sa 〃 Jo . ( 7 79 訪 〃 〃 / 襯 第 げ な 加 ノ 98j.

Silicon Valley: Exploring the Communities Behind the Digital Revolution


The ValIey of Heart's Delight 。 を 〃 co 〃 / / な 川 わ 0 わ を g00 The L 記 / 0 , 可 〃 e / 's Delight was 4 g / 0 . We 朝 0 ″ / イ ん の ℃ ″ 〃 ways 可 、 孕 加 g 0 怩 0 襯 destroying the 0 夜 : ' WaIIace Stegner ( 1984 ) Forward t0 Pa 加 g Fa1 ・ 〃 パ . ・ E 〃 加 g レ / ″ es panish missionaries planted the first Europ ean fruit tree s , but it was Louis Pellier's introduction of the French prune in 1856 that established Santa Clara Valley's mo st famous crop. LOC al farmers develop ed techniques for drying fruit in the predictable summer sunshine, and by the end 0f the century millions 0f 叩 ricot, cherry, plum, prune, and peach trees filled the valley floor. Even in those days technology played an important role in the success Of the area. lnnovations orchard management, fruit processmg, canning, and railcar refrigeration opened markets across the continent. Small communities blossomed intO wealthy towns with San Jose emerging as the dominant city. Elaborate ABOVE : 川 川 4 , 4 殪 c / or 〃 イ ⅲ 〃 な 〃 7 ℃ se ハ ℃ イ 0 / ビ ⅲ ビ 0 行 0 〃 Q / 、 わ ″ 、 ツ 〃 / g カ w の な 7 似 and 680 加 S 〃 . / 0 、 肥 CENTER: ー 4 ′ ′ な - ん 4 ″ 加 ′ た Fa ′ 川 4 ハ 〃 Sa 〃 Clara 's / 4 立 翔 パ た ad ノ 899 ん et 立 ABOVE : 70 カ 〃 お に 4 〃 Fo ゞ Mill ん 〃 川 , カ 0 、 ゞ Ga / 0 、 ゞ . RIGHT. S, を れ g ″ 川 G ん り ,. M ″ 5 佃 / ん 吶 ℃ s 〃 イ 夜 ・ ん 〃 g 叩 co / 〃 ℃ 巳 ゞ 加 ℃ ん